In the video you will learn the difference between will and shall, for the future and for making suggestions.
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What's the difference between shall and will ?
Hello and welcome to LetThemTalk today we're going to explain how to use the modal verb shall and talk about the difference between will and shall.
Let's have a look. The first use of shall is for expressing the future and is similar to will.
Look at these two sentences and tell me which you think is correct.
When I have enough money I will buy a new car.
When I have enough money I shall buy a new car.
Well, actually both are correct But. although shall is less often used than will, the traditional rules say that you use shall with the first person I and we, and will with you, he, she, it and they.
This is because originally, shall was used with the meaning of obligation, and will with the meaning of desire or intention.
But these days most people will use will and not shall as in I will be there tomorrow especially when speaking and that's perfectly correct or, if you contract the sentence I'll be there tomorrow, we don't know if shall or will is being used, and, again it's correct.
There is one advanced point, and, this is only for the traditional rules, if you want to say that something must definitely happen then the rules of shall I mentioned before are switched. So will is used with the first person I and we and shall is used for you, he, she it and they.
This use is rare and usually limited to formal situations and legal documents to talk about obligation for example. The Authority shall be responsible for the safety of the equipment.
And also to talk about giving commands such as the commandment in the bible you shall not kill.
The negative of will is will not or won't when it is contracted. The negative of shall is shall not or shan't when it's is contracted. Although in American English shan't is not used.
Let me just repeat what I said earlier, when talking about the future it's perfectly ok to use will instead of shall but it's good to know the rule in case you hear somebody or read something using shall because it is still used sometimes in conversation as well as in formal written English.
You might get the impression that the use of shall is dying out but there is still one case where shall is still used and that is for making offers, and suggestions. We use it with I and we in questions. Here you cannot substitute will for shall. Let's look at some examples.
For making offers to somebody make a question starting with « shall I «Here are some examples.
You must be thirsty shall I get you a drink.
You're busy shall I call back tomorrow.
Shall I play you a song?
Shall I open the window
If you want to make a suggestion which includes yourself and another person or other people use « shall we » for example.
Shall we go ?
Shall we speak English
shall we chose a different hotel ?
Shall we take the train ?
An important point to remember is that we respond to a suggestion with a shall we question with let's.
For example shall we go.
The response will be « yes, let's. »
Shall we buy a new car « yes, let's
The negative is no let's not.
Shall we stay here « no, let's not »
Shall we stay at this hotel ?
Shall we eat here ?
You can also this shall form to ask for advice or confirmation often with a question word word such as what, when, who or how. Here are some examples
What shall I get Jill for her birthday ?
Whom shall I call ?
When shall we arrive
Remember you must use shall here if you use will it completely changes the meaning. In the last example :
When shall we arrive ? means when do you think is the best time to arrive ?
When will we arrive ? Is a question that asks information about the future and means what time do we arrive at our destination.
That's it so just to sum up you can use will or shall for the future with we or I but will is more common but when you make questions for offers, suggestions and advice with « we or I » then use shall.
Thank you for watching more English grammar videos coming soon